Chicago Sale of Firearms to Prohibited Persons Defense Lawyer

Sale of Firearms to Prohibited Persons

The sale of firearms is a topic that has always been under intense scrutiny, and rightfully so, given its implications for public safety. The state of Illinois has specific laws that prohibit the sale of firearms to certain individuals. Understanding these gun laws is critical not only for those in the business of selling firearms but also for private sellers. This article will provide a comprehensive overview of the statutes, penalties, and legal ramifications for selling firearms to prohibited persons in Illinois.

Illinois Statutes on Sale of Firearms to Prohibited Persons

The main statute governing the sale of firearms to prohibited persons in Illinois is found in the Illinois Compiled Statutes (ILCS) 720 ILCS 5/24-3.

This statute outlines who is prohibited from purchasing or possessing firearms, which includes:

  1. Minors under the age of 18 for long guns, and under 21 for handguns.
  2. Convicted felons.
  3. Persons addicted to narcotics.
  4. Patients in a mental health facility within the past five years.
  5. Individuals convicted of domestic violence.
  6. Persons subject to a restraining order.

Elements of the Offense

To secure a conviction under this statute, the prosecution must prove that:

  1. The seller transferred ownership of the firearm;
  2. The purchaser was a prohibited person under Illinois law;
  3. The seller either knew or should have known that the purchaser was a prohibited person.

Penalties for Selling Firearms to Prohibited Persons

The penalties for violating this statute can be severe:

  • Imprisonment: Penalties can range from a Class A misdemeanor, which carries less than a year in jail, to Class 2 or 3 felonies that could result in multiple years in state prison.
  • Fines: Financial penalties can be substantial and may extend into the tens of thousands of dollars.
  • Revocation of FOID or FFL: Those found guilty risk losing their Firearm Owner’s Identification (FOID) card or Federal Firearms License (FFL).
  1. Lack of Knowledge: The defendant can argue they did not know, nor should they have known, that the buyer was a prohibited person.
  2. Erroneous Identification: If the seller conducted all appropriate background checks but was provided with false identification, it could serve as a valid defense.
  3. Entrapment: If law enforcement officials set up a scenario where the seller was pressured or induced to commit the crime, the defense of entrapment may apply.
  1. Complex Regulations: Illinois’ firearms laws are notoriously complicated. An experienced attorney can navigate these complexities effectively.
  2. Negotiation Skills: Lawyers can sometimes negotiate with prosecutors for lesser charges or alternative penalties.
  3. Legal Procedures: An attorney can ensure that all legal procedures are followed, potentially finding areas where evidence can be suppressed or dismissed.

Being charged under this statute triggers a legal process that includes arrest, arraignment, bail hearings, and possibly a trial. Expert legal advice is essential at each stage to make the best decisions.

Implications of a Conviction

A conviction has lasting ramifications beyond legal penalties. It can affect future employment, housing, and even voting rights in some cases. Moreover, it could have an impact on any professional licenses held and might make it difficult to secure loans or housing.

Selling firearms to prohibited persons in Illinois is a grave offense that is met with significant legal consequences. The laws surrounding this crime are complex, requiring a deep understanding and effective navigation by any individual facing such charges. Legal representation is not just a right but a necessity to secure the best possible outcome in these cases. Therefore, if you find yourself facing charges for selling firearms to a prohibited person, it is imperative that you consult a qualified attorney as soon as possible.

Aggressive Chicago Criminal Defense Lawyer with Decades of Experience

Over the past two decades, David L. Freidberg has gained a dearth of knowledge on the Illinois Compiled Statutes Criminal Code, evidence, rules of criminal procedure, and the U.S. Constitution. David L. Freidberg strives to combine his training, experience, skills, and passion for serving vulnerable communities to provide clients with unparalleled representation. To schedule a free consultation, contact The Law Offices of David L. Freidberg 24/7 at (312) 560-7100 or toll free at (800) 803-1442.

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